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yajl_parse.h

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/*
 * Copyright 2007-2009, Lloyd Hilaiel.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
 * met:
 * 
 *  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 *  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *     the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *     distribution.
 * 
 *  3. Neither the name of Lloyd Hilaiel nor the names of its
 *     contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *     from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 * DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
 * IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */ 

/**
 * \file yajl_parse.h
 * Interface to YAJL's JSON parsing facilities.
 */

#include <yajl/yajl_common.h>

#ifndef __YAJL_PARSE_H__
#define __YAJL_PARSE_H__

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif    
    /** error codes returned from this interface */
00047     typedef enum {
        /** no error was encountered */
00049         yajl_status_ok,
        /** a client callback returned zero, stopping the parse */
00051         yajl_status_client_canceled,
        /** The parse cannot yet complete because more json input text
         *  is required, call yajl_parse with the next buffer of input text.
         *  (pertinent only when stream parsing) */
00055         yajl_status_insufficient_data,
        /** An error occured during the parse.  Call yajl_get_error for
         *  more information about the encountered error */
00058         yajl_status_error
    } yajl_status;

    /** attain a human readable, english, string for an error */
    const char * YAJL_API yajl_status_to_string(yajl_status code);

    /** an opaque handle to a parser */
00065     typedef struct yajl_handle_t * yajl_handle;

    /** yajl is an event driven parser.  this means as json elements are
     *  parsed, you are called back to do something with the data.  The
     *  functions in this table indicate the various events for which
     *  you will be called back.  Each callback accepts a "context"
     *  pointer, this is a void * that is passed into the yajl_parse
     *  function which the client code may use to pass around context.
     *
     *  All callbacks return an integer.  If non-zero, the parse will
     *  continue.  If zero, the parse will be canceled and
     *  yajl_status_client_canceled will be returned from the parse.
     *
     *  Note about handling of numbers:
     *    yajl will only convert numbers that can be represented in a double
     *    or a long int.  All other numbers will be passed to the client
     *    in string form using the yajl_number callback.  Furthermore, if
     *    yajl_number is not NULL, it will always be used to return numbers,
     *    that is yajl_integer and yajl_double will be ignored.  If
     *    yajl_number is NULL but one of yajl_integer or yajl_double are
     *    defined, parsing of a number larger than is representable
     *    in a double or long int will result in a parse error.
     */
00088     typedef struct {
        int (* yajl_null)(void * ctx);
        int (* yajl_boolean)(void * ctx, int boolVal);
        int (* yajl_integer)(void * ctx, long integerVal);
        int (* yajl_double)(void * ctx, double doubleVal);
        /** A callback which passes the string representation of the number
         *  back to the client.  Will be used for all numbers when present */
        int (* yajl_number)(void * ctx, const char * numberVal,
                            unsigned int numberLen);

        /** strings are returned as pointers into the JSON text when,
         * possible, as a result, they are _not_ null padded */
        int (* yajl_string)(void * ctx, const unsigned char * stringVal,
                            unsigned int stringLen);

        int (* yajl_start_map)(void * ctx);
        int (* yajl_map_key)(void * ctx, const unsigned char * key,
                             unsigned int stringLen);
        int (* yajl_end_map)(void * ctx);        

        int (* yajl_start_array)(void * ctx);
        int (* yajl_end_array)(void * ctx);        
    } yajl_callbacks;
    
    /** configuration structure for the generator */
00113     typedef struct {
        /** if nonzero, javascript style comments will be allowed in
         *  the json input, both slash star and slash slash */
00116         unsigned int allowComments;
        /** if nonzero, invalid UTF8 strings will cause a parse
         *  error */
00119         unsigned int checkUTF8;
    } yajl_parser_config;

    /** allocate a parser handle
     *  \param callbacks  a yajl callbacks structure specifying the
     *                    functions to call when different JSON entities
     *                    are encountered in the input text.  May be NULL,
     *                    which is only useful for validation.
     *  \param config     configuration parameters for the parse.
     *  \param ctx        a context pointer that will be passed to callbacks.
     */
    yajl_handle YAJL_API yajl_alloc(const yajl_callbacks * callbacks,
                                    const yajl_parser_config * config,
                                    const yajl_alloc_funcs * allocFuncs,
                                    void * ctx);

    /** free a parser handle */    
    void YAJL_API yajl_free(yajl_handle handle);

    /** Parse some json!
     *  \param hand - a handle to the json parser allocated with yajl_alloc
     *  \param jsonText - a pointer to the UTF8 json text to be parsed
     *  \param jsonTextLength - the length, in bytes, of input text
     */
    yajl_status YAJL_API yajl_parse(yajl_handle hand,
                                    const unsigned char * jsonText,
                                    unsigned int jsonTextLength);

    /** Parse any remaining buffered json.
     *  Since yajl is a stream-based parser, without an explicit end of
     *  input, yajl sometimes can't decide if content at the end of the
     *  stream is valid or not.  For example, if "1" has been fed in,
     *  yajl can't know whether another digit is next or some character
     *  that would terminate the integer token.
     *
     *  \param hand - a handle to the json parser allocated with yajl_alloc
     */
    yajl_status yajl_parse_complete(yajl_handle hand);
    
    /** get an error string describing the state of the
     *  parse.
     *
     *  If verbose is non-zero, the message will include the JSON
     *  text where the error occured, along with an arrow pointing to
     *  the specific char.
     *
     *  A dynamically allocated string will be returned which should
     *  be freed with yajl_free_error 
     */
    unsigned char * YAJL_API yajl_get_error(yajl_handle hand, int verbose,
                                            const unsigned char * jsonText,
                                            unsigned int jsonTextLength);

    /** free an error returned from yajl_get_error */
    void YAJL_API yajl_free_error(yajl_handle hand, unsigned char * str);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif    

#endif

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